Modern aviation is critical to the well-being of the global economy. It spearheads socioeconomic growth across the world. It has led the world in becoming a global village and transformed the dynamics of modern travel while facilitating cultural interaction. Due to changes in global air travel, the actual cost of flying has come down by 60% in the last 4 decades.
Efficient aircraft maintenance is critical for ensuring aircraft/aircraft parts function optimally, while facilitating the safety of all those on board an aircraft. Repair work places and maintenance personnel conduct maintenance/inspection work on aircrafts. In the US, the Federal Aviation Administration certifies the repair work places and aircraft maintenance technicians (AMTs). Repair work bases are certified as per FAR Part 145. AMTs are certified as per FAR Part 65. FAR part 43 provides the specifications pertaining to maintenance, preventive maintenance and aircraft/aircraft system modifications.
Aviation quality assurance is a procedure for managing aviation equipment; making sure the quality standards established by regulatory authorities are accomplished. Quality systems facilitate the accomplishment of product conformance to specific requirements. The aviation system standards (AVN) were developed to optimize the efficiency and security of aviation operations.
Optoelectronics is a field of electronics that is related to the concept, design, production and management of hardware that transforms electrical signal to perceptible or infrared radiation and vice versa. Some of the examples of optoelectronic components include solar cells, optoisolators, LEDs and laser diodes.
A plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), is a hybrid electric vehicle utilizing rechargeable batteries/energy storage device to restore the charge by linking a plug to an outside electric power source (electric wall socket). A PHEV displays the features of both a conventional hybrid electric vehicle - electric motor/an internal combustion engine (ICE) and a complete electric vehicle consisting of a plug to interface with an electrical grid. Automobiles form the bulk of PHEV’s. There are PHEV versions of commercial vehicles - trucks, buses, trains, motorcycles, scooters and military vehicles.