The aviation sector depends on computer systems (ground/flight operations) to a great extent. Certain systems ensure aircraft safety, while some are critical from an operations point of view. There are other systems that affect the service quality and financial well being of the sector. Several airlines/airports have established efficient systems to manage hacking threats. However, they have not taken a holistic approach in managing the IT infrastructure nor taken into account the threat to aviation system.
Nuclear technology is utilized in many applications – medicine, power and military among others. Among these, power generation based on nuclear energy is gaining ground. At present, nuclear installations at an industrial scale can be found across the globe.
Unmanned underwater vehicles provide several advantages for conducting hazardous activities submerged in water. The vehicles are called by different names - remotely operated vehicles (ROVs), submersible devices, or remote controlled submarines. The key activities for the devices are well elucidated. They function in hazardous environments and execute activities that would be difficult for humans.
In the face of business uncertainty and stiff competition, the aviation sector has devised strategies to cut costs. Cloud computing models enable airlines to establish a robust infrastructure - catering to resource requirements on a need basis. Cloud computing also assists businesses to become more efficient due to cost effective access to technology/information.
The chemical engineering sector reflects a major contribution to the global economy. Firms engaged in this sector manufacture an entire gamut of products - antibiotics, cement, gasoline, paper, explosives, plastics, fertilizer, food products, glass, soap, ceramics, and petrochemicals. Several processing units manage dangerous materials along with huge amounts of energy. Though the sector has excellent safety record in comparison to other manufacturing industries, any untoward incident can have disastrous results.